PS Audio Yale OS firmware for the DirectStream DAC

Digital-to-analog converters
PS Audio DirectStream DAC
PS Audio Yale OS firmware for the DirectStream DAC

Have you ever purchased an audio product only to learn that the manufacturer had released a new, improved, and upgraded version of your new baby only a few short months after you plunked down your hard-earned cash? If you have, I’m sure you might agree that it’s a frustrating (even maddening) experience, to say the least. In an instant, your pride and joy has become ‘last year’s model’, perhaps even obsolete. But when it comes to PS Audio’s critically acclaimed DirectStream DAC (reviewed in issue 125), I’m pleased to say that owners will be spared the ravages of unforeseen ‘early obsolescence’ and here’s why.

The DirectStream DAC is not so much a singular digital-to-analogue converter in the usual audiophile’s sense of the term, but rather a flexible, powerful, FPGA-equipped and DSP-enhanced digital audio decoding platform whose operation and sonic performance are in very real ways governed by the operating system software the device happens to be running at the time. The term ‘platform’ here is deliberate, to convey the idea that the DirectStream DAC’s sonic performance can and does (along with the unit’s operational characteristics) evolve over time as better and more sophisticated operating system software becomes available. Obviously, this ambitious software-driven product evolution schema sounds promising, at least in theory, but do the real world results make good on PS Audio’s promises? The short answer is that they do.

When I reviewed the DirectStream DAC earlier this year, the device arrived with PS Audio’s then current ‘Pikes Peak’ operating system installed. By all accounts, the Pikes Peak-equipped DAC sounded better than did versions equipped with earlier iterations of operating software, but since I hadn’t heard those earlier versions I basically had to accept reports of sonic improvements as an article of faith. In any event, I came away highly impressed by the Pikes Peak-equipped DAC, especially its detailed, gracious, and free-flowing presentation, which reminded me of the sound of high-quality analogue master tapes (minus the tape hiss).

Lately, however, PS Audio has released a new DirectStream DAC operating system upgrade named Yale (not after the famous Ivy-league university, but after Colorado’s Mount Yale—which PS notes is one of “the 53 mountain peaks in the state that rise above 14,000 feet.”). In a press release on the new OS, DirectStream DAC designer Ted Smith said, “For Yale, I rewrote about half of the DSP code to take advantage of what we’ve learned about noise and jitter from the FPGA.” According to PS, the new OS also reduces the DirectStream DAC’s already low noise floor by 3dB and fixes a few small operational glitches present with the Pikes Peak OS.

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